Analysts expect India to have 13 million WiMAX users by 2012, an increase of 11.5 million from the current number. According to Sridhar Pai, chief executive of Tonse Telecom, the country is set to become one of the world’s leading broadband wireless markets over the next six years. Pai ascribed the projected growth with the dearth of basic communication services in villages, with more than two-thirds of India’s households having no access to wired lines. He identified the lack of spectrum and cost as the major barriers to the massive adoption of the technology but he noted that steps are being taken to address these issues. There are ongoing discussions between the government and telecommunications companies to allow defense-occupied spectrum for civil commercial use while firms such as Telsima and Beceem Communications are working on technologies — the former came up with a system-on-a-chip design with smart antenna and radio frequency systems while the latter aims to develop efficient chips and modems — that will lower the cost of customer equipment.